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September 1942

Page Created
September 29th, 2022
Last Updated
April 15th, 2024
Special Forces Operations in September 1942

September 1st, 1942 – October 1942
Operation Caravan
Long Range Desert Group
Operation Caravan, carried out in September 1942 by the Long Range Desert Group, is part of a series of raids designed to support Operation Agreement.

Forty-seven men in 12 Chevrolet 1533X2 trucks and five Jeeps of T1 Patrol and G1 Patrol of the Long Range Desert Group. Their mission is to attack the airfield, the barracks at nearby Campo Maddalena, disrupt communications and the railway station in the Barce area in Libya.

The Allies lose twenty men in Operation Caravan (eight wounded, ten captured and two Senussi disappeared), while the Italians report four killed, fifteen wounded and one prisoner, sixteen aircraft destroyed and another seven damaged. Furthermore, considerable quantities of other matériel and buildings are destroyed.

September 11th, 1942 – September 21st, 1942
Operation Musketoon
Ten men from No. 2 Commando and two men of the Norwegian Independent Company 1 of the Special Operations Executive and the Minerve-class submarine, Junon. Their mission is to destroy the Glomfjord power plant, south of Narvik, which supplies an aluminium plant in the area. The men succeed and get away. One is wounded during the escape to Sweden and dies of his wounds in hospital, three days after the raid. Seven others are captured and send to Germany seven as prisoners. These men are executed on October 13rd, 1942 at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Germany as part of Hitler’s infamous Kommando Befehl. Four men make it to Sweden and are repatriated by aircraft to RAF Leuchars.
September 13th, 1942 – September 15th, 1942
Operation Nicety
Sudan Defence Force
Operation Nicety, by Force Z of the Sudan Defence Force, is part of a series of World War II raids designed to support other concurrent operations—Agreement, Caravan, and Bigamy. Its primary goal is to capture the Jalo Oasis in the Libyan desert, facilitating the retreat of forces from the aforementioned operations.

However, the operation fails due to a breach in security; the Germans intercept detailed plans from the body of a deceased officer involved in Operation Agreement. Consequently, the Italian garrison at Jalo is forewarned and reinforced, successfully repelling the attack on the night of September 15th, 1942.
September 13th, 1942 – September 15th, 1942
Operation Bigamy
L Detachment, Special Air Service Brigade, No. 1 Special Boat Section, Middle East Commando
Operation Bigamy, by L Detachment, Special Air Service Brigade , No. 1 Special Boat Section and the Middle East Commando, is part of a series of raids designed to support Operation Agreement.

In September 1942, under the command of David Stirling, a plan is put into action to destroy the harbour and storage facilities at Benghazi and raid the airfield at Benina in Libya, in coordination with the RAF. This raid serves as part of a larger deception strategy for Operation Agreement, which targets Tobruk.

The Operation is compromised when trying to enter Benghazi. Stirling decides to withdraw and during the retreat to Kuffra the force suffers the loss of 70 vehicles.

September 18th,1942 – September 19th, 1942
Operation Basalt
Twelve men from the Small Scale Raiding Force, No. 62 Commando and No. 12 Commando, Motor Torpedo Boat 344. Cancelled due to bad weather.

August 31st, 1942 – September 18th, 1942
Operation Anglo
No. 1 Special Boat Section
Operation Anglo is a raid on the Italian-occupied island of Rhodes by eight men of No. 1 Special Boat Section, along with two Greek guides and two interpreters in September 1942. Their mission is to disrupt Italian airfields crucial for supporting Rommel’s advance to Cairo and supplying besieged Malta.

The team lands near Cape Feralco and splits into two parties. Despite facing challenges and being pursued, they successfully destroy aircraft and fuel storage tanks at the target airfields. Sutherland and Duggan evade capture and swim out to H.M. Submarine Traveller for rescue. Their courage and resourcefulness are recognised with military honours, while the rest of the Special Boat Section team are captured. Tragically, the Greek guides suffer severe consequences, with one executed and the other dying in prison.