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January 1944

Special Forces Operations in January 1944

January 22nd, 1943
Operation Shingle
No. 9 Commando and No. 43 (RM) Commando of 2nd Special Service Brigade under command of Brigadier R.J.F. Tod.

January 1944
Operation Hardtack 22.
No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando, U.S. Army Ranger
Unrealised operation by a team of No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando and later the 2nd US Ranger Battalion Their mission is a reconnaissance raid with the intention to capture prisoners for interrogation back in Great Britain on Herm in the Channel Islands, Great Britain.
The raid was cancelled at the planning stage.

January 1944 – December 1944
Operation Grebe Red.
Norwegian Independent Company 1, Special Operations Executive
Three-man party (H. Storhaug, A. Øvergård and A. Graven) from Operation Grebe of the Norwegian Independent Company 1 (Kompani Linge) as part of a Special Operations Executive operation. Their mission is reinstated and is to reconnoitre the Røros and Dovre railways so when needed, German troop movement could be disturbed.

The team gets the orders in January 1944 but is initially hindered in their efforts to leave neutral Sweden by the Swedish police. They succeed in leaving Sweden by the end of February and enter German-occupied Norway again. Radio contact is established with the Special Operations Executive in Great Britain. Mid-April the Gosawk party supplements the Grebe Red party.

The group remains in Norway for the rest of the year, with some trips back and forth to Sweden. In December J. Gunleiksrud takes over the leadership and the team begin its involvement in railway sabotage.

January 1944 – February 1944
Operation Ratweek II
Special Operation Executive
The operation is supervised by the head of the Belgian Section of the Special Operation Executive, Edwin Hardy Amies. The mission was to create confusion and fear in the German intelligence services by killing as many German intelligence and counter-intelligence agents as possible in Europe.
Not much is known about the operation, but it is known that Ratweek II has achieved successes against Nazi personnel and collaborators in Norway, France (especially in the south-east), Denmark and the Netherlands.